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Celebrating 5 great Latin American female artists

Posted on March - 7 - 2016

What would the art world be like without the creative power of female artists? Because the International Woman´s Day is this week we want to pay homage to some of its great Latin American artists. It’s no mean feat to comprise just a short list of artists, but we intend to mention Latin American women whom we especially admire. 

Lygia Clark, Brazil 1920 – 1988

Born in Rio de Janeiro, Clark, along with fellow Brazilian artists, founded the Neo-Concrete movement. Throughout her life Clark challenged the limits of conventional art production, seeking a way to express herself beyond traditional processes. She constantly stressed the relationship between art and the spectator, inviting them to interact freely with her pieces and connect directly with them. Her work is still relevant today and last year the MoMA hosted a solo retrospective exhibition titled “The abandonment of Art, 1948-1988”. 

Carmen Herrera, Cuban-American, 1915

Turning 100 last year, Herrera really shows how it is never too late to get the merit your deserve for your life’s work. She moved to New York in 1954, when Abstract Expressionism was still the dominant style, but she became interested in the relationship between simplicity and color, striving for a minimalist quality in her paintings.  “My quest”, she says, “is for the simplest of pictorial resolutions” (2012). Her work and importance has been recently championed and recognized, selling her first artwork at 89. 

carmenherreraschmidt.jpgPhoto Courtesy of: artnet

Gertrude Goldsmith (Gego) Venezuela, 1912 – 1994

Although originally born in Germany, Gego, as she was known throughout her life, migrated to Venezuela after WWII and gained citizenship in 1952. She was part of the Venezuelan group of kinetic artists such as Carlos Cruz-Diez and Jesus Soto, but she fared to produce her own unique style. She directed her attention towards the element of the line and its various possibilities, which developed into intricate hand-made geometric structures.

gertrude-goldsmith.jpgPhoto courtesy of: ilikethisart.net

Doris Salcedo, Colombia 1980

Currently Salcedo is one of the leading sculptors of her generation. Born in Bogota, her work has a deep social and political undertone, dealing with themes such as racisms, colonialism, loss and pain which arise from her own personal experiences growing up in a violent and convulsed Colombia. Her ambitious sculptures and installations are often made with everyday objects, charged with significance and meaning. 

doris-salcedo.jpgPhoto courtesy of: vearch.guru

Margarita Azurdia, 1931 – 1998

Also know as Margot Fanjul, Azurdia was a Guatemalan artist and poet. She actively distanced herself from figurative art that was being produced by her male peers and preferred geometric abstraction and color-field painting. After living abroad in Paris, Azurdia returned to Guatemala and was a pioneer of performance and public interventions, promoting alternative forms of expression. Her legacy can be felt in various fields, such as poetry, feminism, art and dance. 

By: Gabriela Martinez

margarita-azurdia.jpg

Courtesy of: Literatura Guatemalteca and Abstraction in Action